This may be one of the hardest things that you can encounter as a human being. This is because it will render you unable to breathe for a time. This is why you need to learn everything that you can about the disease as soon as possible.
Fortunately, you have this article to read about it. This article will try to explain what a pulmonary edema really is and how you can possibly treat it without much difficulty. However, let us first discuss the definition of the disease as follows.
What is pulmonary edema?
This condition refers to a situation where in the lungs will have fluid accumulating within the air vents of the organ. This situation would then lead to impaired breathing and ultimately respiratory failure. According to research, there are many reasons for this condition to happen. These will be discussed in the succeeding paragraphs.
Pulmonary Edema Signs and Symptoms
Here are some of the most common signs and symptoms that you should watch out for when it comes to pulmonary edema. Always remember that if you have any of these symptoms, you should make it a point to visit your doctor right away.
- Difficulty in breathing
- Blood in phlegm (coughing)
- Inability to lie down flat on any surface because of difficulty breathing
- Episodic breathlessness at night
Again, if you have any of these symptoms, do not hesitate to call the doctor right away. This will help you prevent any untoward complications if ever you experience it in the future.
Pulmonary Edema Causes
Some of the major causes of pulmonary edema may have something to do with a weak heart. However, it can also be caused by other underlying factors. Particularly, if the left ventricle is damaged, the accumulation of fluid will start to occur. Some of that other factors that can lead to pulmonary edema could be the following.
- High blood pressure
- Lung injuries
- Upper airway obstruction
- Neurologic causes such as: seizures, head shock, asphyxiation and electrocution
- Inhalation of burning or poisonous gases
- Pulmonary Contusion
- Aspiration of gastric liquid
- Multiple Blood Transfusions
- Severe infection or swelling
As mentioned earlier, the causes for this disease is wide ranged. There are some related conditions that can be connected to pulmonary edema. Such diseases are as follows.
- Malformation of the arteries and veins
- Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome
- High-altitude Pulmonary Edema
In this case, these conditions should be dealt with in order to effectively treat pulmonary edema.
The Diagnosis and Treatment
It’s a call to the medical practitioner as early as possible, you would be able to have it diagnosed effectively. The doctors will have to do a blood work as well as x-rays and other examinations to confirm your condition.
After this, you would be able to make sure that you get the proper treatment for Pulmonary Edema which involves three aspects such as:
- Improving respiratory function
- Treatment of underlying diseases
- Avoidance of further damage to the respiratory tract
If the doctor is able to do these steps, he or she will be able to save your life and prevent complications such as cardiac arrest and respiratory failure.