Type 2 diabetes has reached epidemic proportions in recent years. This disease is preventable, but you need to learn as much as you can about the disease so you can prevent it. If you are at risk for developing type 2 diabetes, it is definitely important for you to learn more so you can avoid it.
Here are some important things you should know about type 2 diabetes.
1. How Type 2 Diabetes Starts
There is no definite answer to the question of how type 2 diabetes begins, but researchers agree that genes and lifestyle are two likely culprits. On the lifestyle side, inactivity can lead to obesity. Being overweight or obese is a major risk factor for the disease, and inactivity can cause your blood sugar levels to fluctuate dangerously.
2. This Disease Occurs in Stages
Type 2 diabetes does not randomly develop from nothing. In the early stages, your pancreas produces extra insulin to control your high blood sugar levels. This works for a while, and many people do not have diabetes symptoms at this stage. Unfortunately, over time your cells become resistant to the insulin because it is produced in such high amounts. Meanwhile, your pancreas is working extra hard to try and keep up with your blood sugar levels. The insulin is increasingly ineffective, and the sugar in your blood starts to damage your pancreas and other organs. Damage to your pancreas slows the production of insulin, allowing your blood sugar levels to rise even higher. Your condition has now become diabetes.
3. There Are Distinct Symptoms
Type 2 diabetes exhibits unique symptoms, including:
• Increased thirst
• Frequent urination
• Increased hunger
• Blurry vision
• Slow healing
• Unexplained weight loss
If you experience any of these symptoms, see your doctor as soon as possible!
4. Type 2 Diabetes Is Diagnosed with Blood Tests
If your doctor suspects that you have type 2 diabetes, they will order some blood tests to confirm or rule out this condition. One blood sample will need to be drawn after you have fasted for 8 to 10 hours so your doctor can get an idea of your blood sugar baseline. Another blood sample should be drawn on a day when you have eaten regular meals so your doctor can see how your blood sugar fluctuates. The results of these blood tests will give your doctor the information they need.
5. Exercise Can Control Diabetes
If you increase your physical activity by just 38 minutes per day you can significantly lower your blood sugar levels over time. The American Diabetes Association recommends that you get around 150 minutes of exercise per week.
6. Type 2 Diabetes is Preventable
If you are at high risk for developing type 2 diabetes, you should be aware that a healthy diet and plenty of exercise can keep you from developing the disease. Talk to your doctor about putting together a healthy diet and exercise regimen that will keep you healthy.
7. Type 2 Diabetes Comes with Complications
If your blood sugar is too high for two long, the rest of your body can suffer the effects. Complications such as kidney failure, heart disease, blindness, and poor circulation are common in diabetic people.
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