Arthritis in very simple term means joint inflammation. Arthritis is actually a group of several rheumatic diseases which are mainly responsible for causing pain, stiffness and also the swelling in the joints. Basically any part of the body can get inflamed from this particular disease, so it is actually difficult to say that only one particular part gets affected by arthritis. Also Osteoarthritis is the main and a very common form of arthritis and this disease generally affects people of the old age more as compared to the youngsters. But at the same time, not denying the fact that some other forms of arthritis, can also affect people of the young age.
The condition of arthritis actually involves different individual illnesses and all these have its own different features, treatments and also complication as a matter of fact. The problem of arthritis actually has a tendency to actually affect the joints, muscles, ligaments, tendons etc.
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What are the different types of Arthritis?
There are around more than 100 types of arthritis ,but here in this article below we will be discussing the main three types of Arthritis –
Oesteoarthrtis-This is basically the main type of arthritis as such. This type of problem mainly occurs when the cartilages which are mainly responsible for covering the end of the bones and which gradually wears away. Also without the proper protection of the cartilage, it is generally observed that the bones then begin to rub against each other and so this results in pain and swelling as a matter of fact. This type of arthritis can occur in any joint but mainly as seen and observed this actually affects the hands and the joints like knee, hip and the facet joints.
Rheumatoid arthritis –This type of arthritis is actually a long lasting disease and so this form of arthritis can actually affect joints of any part of the body, except the lower back as a matter of fact, but mostly it involves basically the hands, wrists and also the knees. In this particular type of arthritis basically the body’s defense system fights against the disease and in this entire process it actually mistakenly attacks itself and so this entire process also results in causing the joint lining to swell.
Gout – This is basically the third form of arthritis. Gout is actually considered to a very painful condition that basically occurs when the body cannot eliminate a natural substance which is more commonly known as uric acid. It was also found that the excess uric acid mainly forms the needle like crystals in the joints , which mainly causes swelling and also severe pain. This form of arthritis mainly affects the big toe, knee and also the wrist joints.
What are the symptoms of arthritis?
As we mentioned above, that there are different types of arthritis and hence so this is the reason that all these types actually have different symptoms and also these symptoms also vary in severity from individual to individual as a matter of fact. The most common form of arthritis which is known as Osteoarthritis does not actually cause any signs of symptoms which are outside the joint. But the symptoms of the other types of arthritis includes fatigue, fever, rash, some signs of joint inflammation etc and so these are the main and the most common symptoms of this problem.
Also some of the forms of arthritis, because of their rheumatic nature can actually cause the symptoms which are responsible for mainly affecting the various organs of the body, which are basically not directly linked to the joints as a matter of fact. Different individuals actually show different symptoms and so some of these symptoms are: feeling unwell, the common symptoms found in the patients suffering from the problem of arthritis includes gland swelling, weight loss, fatigue and also apart from this some of the symptoms are detected from the abnormalities of the organs like lungs, heart and kidneys which are also seen in the patients suffering from this disease.
How is arthritis diagnosed?
First and foremost step, is to consult the doctor regarding this problem and depending upon the condition of the patient, the doctor will suggest further treatment and the medicines, by actually very carefully reviewing the history of all the symptoms which are observed in the patient,by examining the joints for inflammation and also for deformity and apart from that , the doctor will also ask the patient certain questions about the disease .
Also, if the doctor feels he may advise the patient to undergo blood, urine, joint fluid tests etc. The diagnosis from the doctor will actually be based on all the results of the tests, the different patterns of the symptoms and also depending upon the blood and the X ray findings as a matter of fact .Also an early diagnosis of this problem can definitely help to actually prevent the irreversible damage , the disability and the condition of the patient from worsening further.
What is the treatment for arthritis?
The treatment for this particular disease is definitely dependant on the actual type of arthritis present as a matter of fact. An early diagnosis definitely proves to be very beneficial and successful at the same time because then the chances of the patient recovering from the disease is fast and the chances of getting well soon definitely increase to a considerable extent as a matter of fact. The main treatment of this disease actually includes physical therapy, splinting, the cold pack application, the paraffin wax dips, the anti inflammatory medications ,pain medications etc. So there are basically different ways to treat arthritis.
Can arthritis be prevented?
Based on the conclusion of many researches conducted, it is actually found that mainly most of the forms of arthritis are basically inherited to some degree and so there is no treatment of these different forms of arthritis as a matter of fact. Arthritis that basically follows the joint injury can actually be prevented, if the patient religiously follows all the safety regulations. The success of the treatment depends on the individual’s condition and the type of arthritis he is suffering from.